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Financing Energy Efficient Street Lighting in India

Compact Fluorescent Lamps

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Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) technology provides a low energy lighting service through the use of a compact fluorescent light bulb that replaces the normal Tungsten filament light bulb.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.

Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160



Support the implementation of an innovative financing mechanism in order to reduce by 30-40% the consumption of the street lighting network in the cities of Madhya Pradesh.

Location

28° 36' 0" N, 77° 12' 0" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Prepare baseline data for use in the tendering purpose for ESCO projects;
  • Develop tender documents for the benefits of the Municipal Corporation;
  • Launch the tender;
  • Select the winning ESCO to implement the project and negotiate the contract between the ESCO, Municipal Corporation and MPSEB;
  • Supervise the project implementation and insuring the fair application of the performance contracting concept by all parties;
  • Search for a carbon buyer and supporting the trade of the CERs.
Expected impact: 
  • Reduction in energy consumption and associated cost savings;
  • Improved efficiency;
  • Replication across other states and countries.