An online clean technology database

Policy support for Beijing's industrial energy planning

Energy Efficiency and Saving in the Cement Industry

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Cement is a global commodity, manufactured at thousands of plants. The industry is consolidating globally, but large international firms account for only 30% of the worldwide market. The principal and most visible market for cement is the construction industry in a multitude of applications where it is combined with water to make concrete. Most modern civil engineering projects, office buildings, apartments and domestic housing projects use concrete, often in association with steel reinforcement systems.




Energy Efficiency and Saving in the Agri-food Industry

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The agri-food industry comprises an integrated complex production chain which ranges from the primary agriculture to the mature food and beverage sector. It is considered as one of the largest sectors  worldwide with significant contribution to the economic advancement of nations and major social impact.




Industrial Heat Pumps

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Industrial heat pumps can work in a variety of ways. This description discusses industrial heat pumps in general and additionally focuses on the most common applications: Mechanical Vapour Recompression, Thermal Vapour Recompression, Absorption, and mechanical compression.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 
For large scale applications of industrial heat pumps, it is recommended to use the CDM methodology Consolidated baseline methodology for GHG emission reductions from waste energy recovery projects ACM0012 Version 3.0.2 is suitable. This methodology can be used to calculate the baseline of the project. Out of the 49 projects that applied using this methodology 19 are registered, the others have been rejected, withdrawn or are still requesting registration. 
For small scale applications of industrial heat pumps it is recommended to use the CDM methodology
AMS-III.Q.: Waste Energy Recovery (gas/heat/pressure) Projects --- Version 3. Currently, 14 projects in the CDM pipeline use this methodology. 
 
Other possible methodologies that apply to this technology are more specific. For instance, AM0024: Baseline methodology for greenhouse gas reductions through waste heat recovery and utilization for power generation at cement plants --- Version 2.0.1 only applies when the waste heat is used for power generation in cement plants. Generally, industrial heat pumps are not usef for power generation. Another example is AM0066: GHG emission reductions through waste heat utilisation for pre-heating of raw materials in sponge iron manufacturing process --- Version 2. Specific to the sponge iron manufacturing process, this methodology is nog widely applicable. As such, there are currenlty no CDM projects using this methodology. However, it is possible to use an industrial heat pump to increase the heat of waste process streams which are then used to preheat raw materials.
New methodologies have been proposed which might become available for industrial heat pump projects. However, it is as of yet unclear what the potential of these methodologies will be regarding heat pumps. These two new methodologies are:

NM0155-rev: “Baseline and monitoring methodology for waste gas and/or heat utilisation”
NM0192-rev: “Baseline and Monitoring Methodology for the recovery and utilization of waste gas in refinery facilities” submitted by EcoSecurities Netherlands B.V. and YPF S.A..
General information about how to apply CDM methodologies for GHG accounting can be found at: http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/PAmethodologies/approved.html.



Advanced wet quenching for iron and steel sector

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The iron and steel sector is the second-largest industrial user of energy, consuming 616 Mtoe in 2007 and is also the largest industrial source of CO2 emissions. The five most important producers – China, Japan, the United States, the European Union and Russia – account for over 70% of total world steel production. A standard technique that is applied worldwide is the coke wet quenching of coke, where quenching vapors are bunkered before delivery to the atmosphere and subsequently or immediately a condensate is drawn off and cooled further.




Blast furnace slag granulation

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Cement is a global commodity, manufactured at thousands of plants. The industry is consolidating globally, but large international firms account for only 30% of the worldwide market. The principal and most visible market for cement is the construction industry in a multitude of applications where it is combined with water to make concrete. Most modern civil engineering projects, office buildings, apartments and domestic housing projects use concrete, often in association with steel reinforcement systems.




Smelt reduction for iron and steel sector

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The iron and steel sector is the second-largest industrial user of energy, consuming 616 Mtoe in 2007 and is also the largest industrial source of CO2 emissions. The five most important producers – China, Japan, the United States, the European Union and Russia – account for over 70% of total world steel production. Smelting reduction is a term assigned to a group of upcoming ironmaking processes which aim at overcoming certain fundamental problems of the existing blast furnace route.




Coke Dry Quenching iron and steel sector

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The iron and steel sector is the second-largest industrial user of energy, consuming 616 Mtoe in 2007 and is also the largest industrial source of CO2 emissions. The five most important producers – China, Japan, the United States, the European Union and Russia – account for over 70% of total world steel production. 




To support the Beijing Municipal Commission of Development and Reform (BJPC) by providing analysis and advice in the formulation of the industrial energy efficiency policy component and action plan for the 12th Industrial Energy Conservation Five-year Plan of Beijing for the years 2011-2015.

Location

China
39° 55' 44.04" N, 116° 23' 16.8" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Collect, analyze and evaluate industrial energy savings data from 2005-2009.
  • Assess the implementation progress and barriers towards realising industrial energy efficiency targets outlined in the 11th Five-year Plan.
  • Review existing relevant policies and regulations in Beijing, and integrate national industrial energy conservation policies into the local Five-year Plan.
  • Calculate the energy savings potential in five designated energy intensive industries: steel and iron, electricity generation, construction materials, petroleum processing and chemicals.
  • Provide policy advice and recommend-ations for the 12th Industrial Energy Conservation Five-year Plan.
  • Host a dissemination workshop on the 12th Beijing Industrial Energy Conservation Five-year Plan with the involvement of BJPC and relevant stakeholders.
Expected impact: 
  • Integration of reasonable and feasible targets and energy conservation plans  into the 12th Five-year Plan for Beijing
  • Improved energy efficiency, reduced energy intensity and lower GHG emissions in Beijing's industrial sectors
  • Industrial energy efficiency will be mainstreamed in Beijing's city energy planning
  • Improved dialogue and awareness among policymakers, industry representatives and other stakeholders.