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Promoting Low Energy Building Programmes in China

Energy Savings in buildings

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Technologies and measures which are aimed at reducing the use of energy in buildings could have several advantages, such as lower energy bills, increasing comfort of living or working, and reduced impact on the environment, including reduction of CO2 emissions. The options considered for energy savings particularly leading to CO2 emission reductions include the following:

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.

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Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160



To reduce energy consumption in buildings through the adoption of new standards based on international best practices of energy efficiency technologies and renewable energy use by the Chinese government.

Location

China
39° 55' 44.04" N, 116° 23' 16.8" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Review the major experience of energy use in Europe and estimate the energy savings achievable in China's building sector, with the assistance of European experts from the Netherlands, Germany and Austria;
  • Review best practices of sustainable building programmes in European countries;
  • Introduce European standards to China;
  • Develop policy recommendations for a sustainable building programme in China to promote the incorporation of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies into the building sector.
Expected impact: 
  • Summary of best practices of sustainable building programmes in European countries;
  • Overview analysis of current low energy-consumption building in China;
  • National policy recommendations report to the Chinese Government with support from other key stakeholder communities;
  • Increased awareness of concepts for sustainable building development for several key stakeholder groups;
  • Increased energy efficiency and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in new building construction in China (currently 60% of energy in the building sector is lost due to the outdated standards and design practices).