An online clean technology database

Promotion of Solar Water Heating in Uganda

Solar thermal for hot water for domestic and industrial use

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Solar thermal technology can be used to provide hot water for domestic or industrial uses. Recently, ‘combi’ systems have been introduced which can provide both space and water heating. Advances in the technology have provided so-called solar assisted air conditioning. The systems can be tailored to different needs and circumstances, such as industrial applications and domestic use.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of solar thermal energy projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

ACM2 “Consolidated baseline methodology for grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources”
AMS- I.C. “Thermal energy production with or without electricity”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

As of 1 February 2010, there are 10 solar thermal projects in the CDM pipeline - 5 are registered and 5 are at the validation stage. [media:image:3]

Example CDM project:
Title: Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project (CDM Ref. No. 2307)
The Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project is located on the dry land of southern Ningxia in northwestern China. Implemented by Ningxia Federal Intertrade Co., the proposed project will install 17,000 solar cookers for the poor rural residents in mountainous areas with a rural population of 92,331 (or 20,341 households). The project will cover 83.6% of the households in the project region. The rating power of each solar cooker is 773.5 W and the total capacity of the proposed project is 13.1 MW. The proposed project will enable the rural residents to efficiently substitute solar energy for the fossil fuel (coal) used in daily cooking and water boiling - avoiding CO2 emission that would be generated by fossil fuel consumption.
Project investment: USD 900,000 million
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 10 years: 357,230 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (USD 10/CER): USD 3,572,300



Solar Cooling and Hybrid Systems with Heating and Hot Water

© Climate Tech Wiki - acc and respective owners

Solar cooling technologies transform solar radiation to provide space cooling and refrigeration services. Air conditioning in buildings has traditionally been provided by air conditioners using electrically driven vapour compression chillers. These are responsible not only for GHG emissions, but also use CFCs and HCFCs and related compounds as refrigerant fluids, which also contribute to climate change and are known to deplete the ozone layer.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of solar thermal energy projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

ACM2 “Consolidated baseline methodology for grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources”
AMS- I.C. “Thermal energy production with or without electricity”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

As of 1 February 2010, there are 10 solar thermal projects in the CDM pipeline - 5 areregistered and 5 are at the validation stage. [media:image:7]

Example CDM project:
Title: Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project (CDM Ref. No. 2307)
The Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project is located on the dry land of southern Ningxia in northwestern China. Implemented by Ningxia Federal Intertrade Co., the proposed project will install 17,000 solar cookers for the poor rural residents in mountainous areas with a rural population of 92,331 (or 20,341 households). The project will cover 83.6% of the households in the project region. The rating power of each solar cooker is 773.5 W and the total capacity of the proposed project is 13.1 MW. The proposed project will enable the rural residents to efficiently substitute solar energy for the fossil fuel (coal) used in daily cooking and water boiling - avoiding CO2 emission that would be generated by fossil fuel consumption.
Project investment: USD 900,000 million
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 10 years: 357,230 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (USD 10/CER): USD 3,572,300



To save electricity especially during peak hours by switching water heating in households and institutions from electricity to solar water heating

Location

Uganda
0° 18' 56.0016" N, 32° 33' 56.16" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Create awareness about the benefits of solar water heaters among city planning authorities, Ministry of Housing, professional bodies of architects and engineering professionals, and the general public;
  • Establish appropriate financing mechanisms for manufacturers, vendor companies and consumers;
  • Develop policies to promote solar water heaters;
  • Establish standards and guidelines for integrating solar water heaters in buildings;
  • Establish by law and regulations for integration of solar water heating systems in new and renovated buildings
  • Train 20 engineers and technicians to develop local capacity to install and maintain solar water heating systems
  • Prepare an investment plan to finance replication and scale up of solar water heater use.
  • Save 1 MW of electricity during peak hours by installing 500 solar water heaters
  • Reduce the increasing number of companies dealing in solar thermal
Expected impact: 
  • Reduction in electricity rationing during the peak hour;
  • Reduction in energy bills in house holds and institutions using solar water heaters;
  • Reduced government spending on subsidies to buy down electricity tariffs due to expensive diesel generators;
  • Reduced green house gas emissions from diesel fuelled thermal power plants;
  • Reduced cost of solar water heaters;
  • Development of reliable solar water heating systems;
  • Availability of trained solar water heater installation engineers;
  • Increase in the share of renewable energy in the national energy mix.