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Support the Implementation of Brazil grid-connected solar photovoltaic roofs programme

Solar PV

Solar cells (source:

Solar photovoltaic, or simply photovoltaic (SPV or PV), refers to the technology of using solar cells to convert solar radiation directly into electricity. A solar cell works based on the photovoltaic effect. R&D and practical experience with photovoltaics have led to the development of three generations of solar cells: Crystalline silicon based solar cells, thin film solar cells and third generation PV. Solar PV is very likely to play a significant role in climate change mitigation in the future.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of solar PV projects under the CDM mainly apply the following CDM methdologies:

ACM 2: "Consolidated baseline methodology for grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources” for large scale projects and AMS-I.D.: Grid connected renewable electricity generation and AMS-I.A.: Electricity generation by the user for small-scale projects.

As of March 2011, there are 65 solar PV projects in the CDM pipeline, out of which 26 are registered and for 2 CERs have been issued.

To develop the Brazilian legal and regulatory framework towards the implementation of a large-scale grid-connected solar photovoltaic roofs programme.


15° 46' 46.92" S, 47° 55' 46.92" W
Main activity and output: 
  • Review current legislation and regulation;
  • Meet with stakeholders including representatives of RENOVE, Instituto IDEAL, the Ministry of Mines and Energy - MME, the National Electrical Energy Agency - ANEEL and Financial Institutions/Development Banks;
  • Conduct a study of technical and economic aspects;
  • Develop a set of guidelines and recommendations for the implementation of a successful solar roofs programme;
  • Prepare and present legislation and regulation drafts;
  • Conduct comprehensive analysis on the type and quantity of incentives and subsidies, as well as the consequent impacts on tariffs.
Expected impact: 

The establishment of a long-term (20 years) solar roofs (in the GWp scale) incentive programme in Brazil is expected to lead to a number of positive impacts through and at the end of the programme, which include:

  • Grid parity between solar PV and conventional consumer tariffs;
  • Establishment of professional and large-scale markets in the area of PV in Brazil, with economies of scale that lead to competitive costs;
  • Increased energy security;
  • Greemhouse gas emission reductions;
  • Establishment of attractive investment environments for PV products and services;
  • Improvement of the environmental profile of electricity generation in Brazil.