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Biomass

Advanced Bio-hydrocarbon Fuels © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Advanced bio-hydrocarbons are second generation biofuels and are derived from lignocellulosic biomass such as trees, grasses, waste, agricultural or forest residues, or algae. These fuels are not...

Agriculture for biofuel production © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biomass from the agriculture sector can be used to produce biofuels – solid, liquid and gaseous. Biofuels substitute fossil fuels for energy delivery. If biomass is grown in a sustainable cycle to...

Agro-forestry (mitigation) © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Agro-forestry, as defined by the World Agro-forestry Centre, is “a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, through the integration of trees on farms and in the...

Biochar © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biochar is a charcoal-like substance produced from agriculture and forest wastes which contains 70% carbon. It is used as soil enhancer to increase fertility, prevent soil degradation and to...

Biocovers of landfills © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

An inexpensive way to reduce greenhouse-active methane emissions from existing Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills is to exploit the natural process of microbial methane oxidation through...

Biodiesel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Liquid biofuels for transport, including biodiesel, have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and...

Bioethanol from sugar and starch based crops Sugar-beet based bioethanol refinery in the UK (source: British Sugar)

Liquid biofuels for transport have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and developing countries as a...

Biofuels from algae An open pond for growing algae in Israel. (source: Seambiotic)

Producing biofuels from algae is still in a pre-commercial state of technology development. But algae-based biofuels are considered to be a promising upcoming alternative to fossil fuels as they...

Biogas for cooking and electricity © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biogas is a gaseous mixture generated during anearobic digestion processes using waste water, solid waste (e.g. at landfills), organic waste, and other sources of biomass. Biogas can be upgraded...

Biomass combustion and co-firing for electricty and heat Alholmens Kraft, Finland, the world's largest biomass-fired power plant

Combustion is the most common way of converting solid biomass fuels to energy. Worldwide, it already provides over 90% of the energy generated from biomass, a significant part of which in the form...

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