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Transport: vehicle and fuel technologies

Advanced Bio-hydrocarbon Fuels © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Advanced bio-hydrocarbons are second generation biofuels and are derived from lignocellulosic biomass such as trees, grasses, waste, agricultural or forest residues, or algae. These fuels are not...

Biodiesel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Liquid biofuels for transport, including biodiesel, have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and...

Bioethanol from sugar and starch based crops Sugar-beet based bioethanol refinery in the UK (source: British Sugar)

Liquid biofuels for transport have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and developing countries as a...

Biofuels from algae An open pond for growing algae in Israel. (source: Seambiotic)

Producing biofuels from algae is still in a pre-commercial state of technology development. But algae-based biofuels are considered to be a promising upcoming alternative to fossil fuels as they...

Biomethane CNG hybrid fuel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Transport sector is one of the major oil consuming sectors; it consumes 51% of the final oil consumption (International Energy Agency, 2010). There is a huge need of a sustainable fuel for the...

Cellulosic ethanol © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Cellulosic ethanol is an alcohol produced from the feedstock available in wide variety of plant materials and agricultural residues. Although chemically identical with the first generation...

Coal mine/bed methane recovery © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Methane is the primary constituent of natural gas and is stored within coal as a result of the coalification process whereby plant material is converted to coal. Due to coal mining activities (and...

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) in transport CNG fueling station (source: http://pakistaniat.com/2009/07/14/pakistan-cng/)

The use of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a transport fuel is a mature technology and widely used in parts of the world. Although compressed natural gas is a fossil fuel, it is the cleanest...

Direct Injection for internal combustion engines direct injection engine (source: http://www.treehugger.com)

Direct fuel injection is a technique that allows gasoline and diesel engines to run more fuel efficient. Direct injection techniques are already commonly used in modern diesel engines and are...

Electric vehicles Electric car at charging point in London

Electric vehicles are about 2.5 times more energy efficient than their counterparts which are powered solely by internal combustion engines. This high energy efficiency is the main reason why...

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