An online clean technology database

Waste management

Advanced paper recycling © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Recycling is a process which reconsiders the current life cycle of creating products and materials and associated process and final waste. Specifically, paper recycling is the process of...

Aerobic biological treatment (composting) © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Many developed and developing countries practice composting and ...

Anaerobic biological treatment (Anaerobic digestion) © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Many developed and developing countries practice composting and...

Biocovers of landfills © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

An inexpensive way to reduce greenhouse-active methane emissions from existing Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills is to exploit the natural process of microbial methane oxidation through...

Bioplastics © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Bioplastics have much in common with conventional plastics. Two main characteristics separate bioplastics from conventional plastics: 1) The use of renewable biomass materials in the manufacture...

Biorefinery © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

With the surge in bio-based activities around the globe, a new concept called bio-refining starts to emerge. IEA Bioenergy ...

Combustion of Municipal Solid Waste for District Heat or Electricity waste to energy

Municipal solid waste (MSW) refers to the stream of garbage collected through community sanitation services. Such waste can consist of a variety of materials, including both renewable energy...

Increased glass recycling Flame in a glass furnace (ICG, 2010)

Over half of the energy consumption of the glass industry is used for melting in order to form the glass. Adding recycled glass to the raw materials reduces energy use and CO2 emissions...

Methane Capture at Landfills for Electricity and Heat © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Under the anaerobic (oxygen free) conditions of landfill sites, organic waste is broken down by micro-organisms, leading to the formation of landfill gas (LFG). LFG is a gaseous mixture which...

Recycling of Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

According to the EC (19 November, 2008) “waste means any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard.” Recycling materials and products – that are considered...

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